The Watch reported plenty of other news in 2011, but all of it took place under the dark cloud of what was still a rough economy, profoundly affecting lives and livelihoods across the region.
But now, as 2011 draws to a close, there is evidence, some of it admittedly still tentative – but including one of the highest priced single properties to go under contract in Mountain Village in years as this issue of The Watch goes to press – that the Telluride real estate market could be ready to spark a broader recovery, or at least the start of one.
Or perhaps, as veteran broker Erik Fallenius, owner of Nevasca Realty, put it, realtors are “inherently seasonal optimists.” After a pause, he added: “But at the same time, a little nervous.”
Another veteran broker, Sally Puff Courtney of Peaks Real Estate, reported this week that Christmas week was the busiest it’s been for her in four years. The reason, she believes, is that sellers have become realistic and prices have dropped to the point that buyers recognize the value in the market.
“Two-thousand-eleven was much improved for my little office over 2010,” Courtney said, “and I’m incredibly excited about 2012. People are starting to see that if they want to be in Telluride, values have never been better. Nobody has a crystal ball and can say we are at the bottom, but I don’t believe prices can go much lower.”
Out on the mesas, hit particularly hard by the Great Recession, broker Ed Andrews, who specializes in mesa properties, has been breaking snowmobile trails so he can show off-the-grid cabins to clients who will be visiting in the next few weeks, something he hasn’t had to do in a few years, he says.
“Showing is not the same as selling,” Andrews cautions, “but this is the best time to buy a cabin or land on the mesas in the past twenty years” because “sellers finally listened to their brokers and adjusted their prices and as a result we’re getting activity.”
As for the big potential sale this week that just might not be an anomaly but instead a harbinger of things to come: it was a $14.5 million Mountain Village home that had been on the market for about a year. Of course, the property will have to close early next year for it to count as a sale.
“A sale like that would be significant because it would provide confidence, not only to the buying community but to the brokerage community, that Telluride is attractive to buyers at that level,” said Nels Cary of Peaks Real Estate, “especially coming after a period of very little activity in that market segment, and especially since we’ve seen that high-end properties are selling in our competing resort markets, like Aspen and Vail.”
And yet, despite the optimism from some of the Telluride real estate brokers who have historically laid the foundation of the regional economy, for much of the region 2011 will go down in the history books as another rough year, the fourth rough year in a row. The persistence of the Great Recession through 2011, tempered, hopefully, by the possibility that it is finally easing its grip, starting with a recovery in Telluride real estate, is The Watch’s top news story of 2011.
The Great Recession has factored in the top ten news stories of the year since it hit us locally in 2008. It was #1 in 2009, which by most reckoning marked the bottom of the real estate market. The crash was only the #3 story in 2008 because Telluride won a gigantic victory in the Colorado Supreme Court to secure ownership of the Valley Floor (#1 story), and the Telluride Ski Area opened up vast new terrain (#2 story). In 2010, the economy seemed to be recovering somewhat and the Battle of Bear Creek commanded more ink and perhaps we were expressing wishful thinking that the worst was behind us, so the tough economy was only the #4 story of that year.
The story in 2011 was one of mixed signals. While the value of Telluride real estate that was sold in 2011 through November compared to the same period in 2010 was down 24 percent, the number of transactions during that same period was up by 15 percent. The reason, explains George Harvey of The Harvey Team, is that the higher end of the market “underperformed.”
“Properties in the $3 million to $10 million range were the most off in 2011 that they’ve been in years,” Harvey says, and the looming question for 2012, he says, is whether that higher end of the market is poised to bounce back.
Harvey has closely tracked mountain resort real estate for twenty years, and said that the disparity in how comparable resorts (Aspen, Vail, Jackson Hole, and Telluride) perform has never been as great as it was last year. So a caveat when he notes that historically Telluride has followed the trends in Aspen by about six months, and that Aspen has been up in 2011 in both the number of transactions (by 15 percent) and in the value of transactions (by 10 percent.)
“If Telluride continues to follow Aspen, the higher end of our market might improve next,” he concludes cautiously.
A Searing Experience
By now, we all know that the Great Recession has become the biggest news story not just of the last four years, or even of the decade, but it is the defining story of several generations; it is a big story not just locally or even nationally, but globally. When we look back on it, the Great Recession will be far more than the central issue of the 2012 national election; it will be the story of our times. We who have endured it will be forever seared by the experience, just as our grandparents and great grandparents never really got over the Great Depression.
Those of us lucky enough to live in this San Juans paradise often imagine that we inhabit a refuge from the real world. Perhaps it is a refuge, and perhaps that will prove the basis of our recovery as buyers seeking refuge return to stake their claim here. But if the last four years have proven anything, it is that we are not even remotely immune to the woes of the world. Moreover, locally we are all tied together, from Montrose through Ouray County to Telluride and Mountain Village.
Precise economic data is not easy to come by in a sparsely populated, remote region like the Western San Juans, making our understanding of how our economy works a matter less of research than observation. We have long observed that Telluride real estate and related construction activity generally set the tempo not just for the overall Telluride economy, but for Ouray County and the Montrose area as well.
Traffic over Dallas Divide, especially during construction season, was unmistakable evidence that until 2008, while growing numbers of workers commuted to Telluride, a lot of money flowed back down valley with them at the end of the workday.
Yes, Telluride and the region remain highly attractive to visitors. Forbes magazine this month ranked Telluride as the third best ski resort in the United States, behind only Jackson Hole and Alta/Snowbird, citing in particular the resort’s recent expansion into terrain for the adventurous skier on Gold Hill and Palmyra Peak. The region received another boost at year-end by being chosen to host segments of the 2012 USA Pro Cycling Challenge next summer. Hotel occupancy statistics produced by the Telluride Tourism Board, and sales tax revenues in Telluride, offer evidence that in prime summer and winter seasons, tourism never fell off that much and tourists continue to visit the region. But Telluride is small, which is both its glory as a rarely crowded big-mountain destination for visitors and its economic reality for year-round residents, including those who live in nearby communities that rely on Telluride as an economic engine. Visitation to Telluride, by itself, absent the foundation of the real estate economy, has never been enough to sustain the community, much less the region.
Meanwhile, real estate, which has been the community’s sustenance, remains vulnerable to national and global economic shocks, and that effects not just local residents directly involved in real estate sales and development; construction and construction financing and mortgages; and design and home furnishing; but services and restaurants and retail businesses as well. That’s because when real estate is down, the large number of local residents who work in the industry and related businesses don’t have as much to spend. The economic pain has been widespread and palpable, from Delta to Montrose and from Mountain Village to Rico and beyond.
A Basis for Optimism
But on the flip side, and the fundamental basis for optimism: news could be deemed as not just good but excellent for prospective buyers of real estate.
Simply put: “A lot of sellers are dropping prices,” says Lars Carlson, a broker with Peaks Real Estate. “There are a lot of great values out there, and that will continue to drive the market in the next year.”
A couple of cases in point: Possibly the hottest commodity in the market, at least in terms of the number of transactions, are condominiums at The Peaks Resort, where 41 condos were sold this year. Also at the end of this year, the Cortina, a partially finished 12-unit condominium project in Mountain Village that had gone into foreclosure was sold for just $3 million – after a reported $24 million had been spent by the original developer on its construction. The buyer, says Michael Ward of Peaks Real Estate who brokered the sale, obviously got a great deal, and while the new owner will have to finance completion of the project, the finished ski-in, ski-out condominiums will also represent a great value in the form of a steep discount over what they would have cost just three years ago.
Several brokers suggested in interviews this week that resolving uncertainty surrounding the Cortina and Elkstone 21, another Mountain Village condominium project that has just emerged out of foreclosure, could spur sales in Mountain Village condos because prospective buyers will no longer be waiting to learn what they will ultimately cost. The bottom, in other words, will be clearly defined.
As for The Peaks, in the eyes of one, possibly representative buyer, Elizabeth Kelly, The Peaks condominiums, starting at under $200,000, represented an almost irresistible value.
“We love the area,” Kelly said by telephone from her home in Santa Fe, and a second home was not of interest “because we already have a home.” In addition to the hotel amenities, she was sold on the hotel’s “lease-back” option that allows her to place her unit on the rental program when she isn’t using it and the “buy-back” option whereby the hotel will repurchase the unit from her after five years, if she wants to sell it. For Kelly, the ultimate selling point was that The Peaks welcomes not only her and her husband and their guests, but also their dog.
Cary, who lists the Peaks condos, offers a simple explanation: “This is the right product at the right price at the right time,” he says. “We’re offering a condo in a fabulously renovated Telluride icon, at a price that doesn’t break the bank and is aligned properly with the market.”
Value is not necessarily a low sales price. As Brian O’Neill of Telluride Properties observes, “the best values are in upper end homes and condominiums.” There may well be an increase in 2012 in the sale of those properties, he suggests, because “the people who are buying have a lot of money and they want the best product.” In 2011, one of the strongest markets was in upper end homes and condominiums in Telluride, said O’Neill, who sold both a high-end home (at Aldasoro) and a high-end condo (for $5 million in the town of Telluride) last year. Next year, he predicts there will be more activity in ski-in, ski-out Mountain Village homes, because “people will recognize that there a lot of great opportunities there.”
Among the buyers, O’Neill notes, are those who know the market best: current full- or part-time residents who are upgrading or adding to their holdings. These are the savviest buyers who most readily “recognize the opportunities in the market.”
Mike Zuendel of the Telluride Real Estate Corp. agrees that there has been an uptick in buyer interest, fostered by “realistic” prices. Summer sales were strong in Telluride, he says, and if the pattern that summer is the better selling season in Telluride and winter is the better selling season in Mountain Village holds true, the recovery will continue. “There are a lot of sweet deals out there,” he said. “Now that sellers are realistic, we have to hope that buyers are, too, and that they don’t expect more discounts.”
Sounding a note of caution, Harvey said that “not enough sellers have adjusted to the market” compared to Aspen, where the 21 sales of homes over $10 million in 2011 had been discounted by 30 to 40 percent.
“Sellers in Telluride have been slower to do that for some reason,” he said. For their part, buyers “are getting more comfortable with the insanity of the global economy” and are more willing to make a move.
“People didn’t quit having dreams during the downturn,” he noted. “Still, he said, it will take a whole winter before we can say the market is bouncing up.”
Thus, after four years of battering, there is understandable nervousness but also optimism about 2012. Perhaps it is borne of the changing of the calendar or only the good cheer that accompanies holiday visitors to Telluride’s slopes. Or maybe it’s that inherent seasonal optimism among real estate brokers that Fallenius noted. But it feels a lot better than gloom and doom.
Begging the real question for 2012 and beyond for most of us: If Telluride real estate does recover, can the rest of the region be far behind?